world growth

world growth

Sunday, January 23, 2011

China economy to grow 9.8% in 2011

BEIJING — A Chinese government think tank has forecast the nation's economy will grow around 9.8 percent this year, with inflation likely to come in at 3.7 percent, state media reported Sunday.

Experts at the Chinese Academy of Sciences also predicted that gross domestic product would rev up in the latter part of the year, and would be driven largely by domestic consumption, the official China News Service said.

The consumer price index (CPI), the main gauge of inflation, would likely be highest in the first quarter of the year due to rising commodity prices and salaries, and would then drop for the remainder of 2011, the report added.

China's economy grew 10.3 percent in 2010, marking the fastest annual pace since the onset of the global crisis, and the CPI rose 3.3 percent, exceeding the government's full-year target of three percent as food costs soared.

Unlike other countries struggling to spur growth, Beijing has been trying to slow its economy and stem a flood of liquidity that is fanning inflation and driving up property prices.

The central bank has raised interest rates twice since October, and has also increased the amount of money banks must keep in reserve, in a bid to curb lending.

Sunday, January 2, 2011

China Africa trade reaches $100 billion in 2010

BEIJING (AP) — China will boost further its already expanding economic ties with Africa, which reached a record two-way volume of more than $100 billion this year, the government said Thursday.

Chinese demand for oil, gas, iron ore and other raw materials for its rapidly growing economy has spurred trade and investments in Africa in recent years.

A central government report released Thursday said that in the first 11 months of this year, China-Africa trade volume reached $114.81 billion, a 43.5 percent year-on-year increase. That follows a decline in 2009 due to the global financial crisis.

That growth is likely to gain traction in the coming years as the "economic and trade cooperation is bright" between the two sides, said the "China-Africa Economic and Trade Cooperation" report.

"As economic globalization progresses, the economic and trade cooperation between China and Africa will definitely gain momentum to reach a larger scale, broader scope and higher level," it said.

Beijing is encouraging Chinese companies, flush with cash from the country's economic boom, to invest in Africa in an effort to diversify an economy driven by exports and investment. China's investment in Africa has largely targeted oil, gas and mining but is expanding to manufacturing, real estate, infrastructure and other sectors.

But the influx of Chinese investors has brought about tensions and criticism over control of Africa's resources, worries about unfair business tactics and complaints that local communities get too little of the economic rewards.

In October, two Chinese mine bosses in Zambia were charged with attempted murder after shooting miners during a pay dispute. Chinese companies have invested nearly $3 billion in Zambia, a major copper producer, according to the Zambian government.

While the report did not address local disputes, it defended China's presence in Africa, saying China abides by equality, mutual benefit and balanced trade and economic cooperation with African countries.

Some experts said Africa's openness to Chinese investment is partially because its trade does not come with criticism of human rights records and other political issues.

"African countries also like that Chinese are less critical of their internal political affairs and there's less bureaucracy so projects and deals are executed a lot faster," said He Wenping, director of African studies at the Institute of West Asian and African Studies in Beijing.

In 2009, China's direct investment in Africa reached $9.33 billion with the majority directed at mining followed by manufacturing, the report said, a jump from $490 million in 2003.